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Dental Care – Understanding Two of the Most Dangerous Oral Health Problems

Today, a lot of people overlook the need for good oral health. This is why the number of cases of some of the primary oral health concerns have significantly gone up over the past couple of years. Two of these concerns would be periodontal disease and tooth decay. There are times when just having sufficient knowledge about the problem is enough to avoid it. If you would like to make sure that you and your family would not be affected by any of these, read on for some valuable information.

Periodontal Disease

Affecting about 80 percent of adults, One of the most common and potentially dangerous oral problems, periodontal disease is a chronic bacterial infection that affects the gums as well as the sulcus or the area between the gums and teeth. The disease starts when bacteria and food particles which cause tooth decay move to the gums. If periodontal disease is left untreated, it could progress to mild gum inflammation and serious um disease which would not just affect the gums and teeth but also the supporting bones. In more serious cases of periodontal disease, the infection could affect the bone structures which hold the teeth in position, ultimately leading to tooth loss. To avoid the disease proper oral hygiene and regular dental visits are necessary.

Tooth Decay

Considered as one of the most common chronic diseases in children, tooth decay continues to be a problem in both children and adults today. Tooth decay is usually caused by several factors, but the primary cause is poor dental care. When proper brushing is neglected, bacteria and plaque builds up on teeth. This buildup wears away the enamel of the teeth and can create cavities and ultimately, tooth decay. Although everyone is at risk to have tooth decay, some activities and habits could increase your chances. Here are some ways on how you can avoid tooth decay.

1. First off, avoid having a diet which is high in sugar and carbohydrates. Foods which are high in sugar or carbohydrates attract the bacteria which cause tooth decay. Instead, increase your intake of fruits and vegetables. You should also drink plenty water to prevent food buildup.

2. It is also important to know how proper brushing is done. When you brush, make sure that you do not only brush your teeth, but your gums as well. This is because a large percentage of bacteria in the mouth are not on teeth. Also gently brush your tongue to get rid of the buildup of acids which can also cause tooth decay.

3. See your dentist twice a year. On top of proper oral hygiene, having your dentist check your teeth is also important to get rid of any problems as early as possible.

4. Avoid smoking. Smoking can significantly increase the chances of having tooth decay because smoking can reduce the amount of saliva in the mouth which is supposed to clean the teeth and the mouth. Smokers are also more susceptible to gum disease as smoking decreases the flow of blood to the gums.

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