Periodontal disease is inflammation of gums that results from buildup of tartar or plaque, which results in periodontal pockets that support growth of bacteria. This disease can easily be controlled if detected early enough. This is why it is important for individuals to have regular dental checkups and cleanings annually. Here are essential facts about gum disease that you must know.
It is common
Periodontal disease is quite common all over the world. It is reported that almost 85 percent of adults experience this condition. Therefore, if one is not careful, then they can also develop periodontal issues. Early detection of this disease can ensure that buildup of plaque is eliminated and it does not advance to gingivitis or periodontitis over time.
Periodontal disease is caused by poor oral health hygiene practices. You might develop gum disease if you are not brushing your teeth as recommended or are using improper flossing and brushing techniques. Daily brushing and flossing of teeth is crucial as it eliminates leftover bacteria that form plaque, which results in tartar and breaks down your teeth.
Gum disease indicates other medical problems
Even though gum disease is a dental problem of its own, it can also indicate underlying medical issues. A bacterium that causes periodontitis is connected to heart disease. Gum inflammation can also be an indicator of stroke, diabetes, bone loss and oral cancer. Therefore, when you practice excellent hygiene practices, you can also prevent the occurrence of these medical conditions.
Researchers have confirmed that there is a relationship between gum disease and diabetes and pregnancy. Diabetic individuals are prone to having gum problems. During pregnancy, more progesterone is produced by the body. This hormone is essential for the development of the fetus. However, it also enhances growth of bacteria that result in gum disease. Therefore, regular checkups on your gums are important if you are planning to get pregnant or are already pregnant.
The treatment procedures for gum diseases will vary depending on its severity. Medications can be prescribed to fight off bacteria and infection in the mouth. The dental hygienist can also remove plaque through root planning and scaling. If scaling and planning are not successful, the tartar can be removed through surgical techniques. Tissue and bone grafts can also be used to replace and fix damaged teeth. Laser can also be used to get rid of tartar and plaque buildup.
It is essential for patients to consult a dentist if they are experiencing any symptoms. The earlier gum disease is detected, the better for the patient. The major goals of treating periodontitis include promoting healthy attachments of gums to the teeth, prevent swelling, lower risk of infection, reduce pocket depths and stop progression of the disease. Treatment options can involve both surgical and non-surgical procedures for controlling bacteria growth and restoring oral tissues.